Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most prevalent cancer among American men. In 2018, the American Cancer Society estimates that there will be about 164,690 new cases of prostate cancer and about 29,430 deaths from prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is common in men over 65 years of age, and the third-leading cause of death among men in the U.S. Below, we’ll look at the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, as well as common risk factors. Knowing these can lead to early detection, which may increase chances of survival.
The prostate, which is found only in men, is located in front of the rectum and below the bladder. Prostate cancer is a result of the cells in the prostate gland beginning to multiply at an above-average rate, which can cause tumors or spread to other parts of the body.
There are a few factors that increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. These include:
Age: The risk of prostate cancer greatly increases after age 50, and about 6 out of 10 cases are detected in men over 65.
Race: Studies have shown that African American and Caribbean men of African ancestry men carry a greater risk of developing prostate cancer.
Family History: As with most cancers, your risk increases if you have had people in your family with the disease.
Diet and Lifestyle habits: Those with poor eating habits or who drink larger amounts of alcohol regularly are at greater risk of developing prostate cancer.
Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer can be few or there can be none at all. Men in the early stages of prostate cancer will likely show no signs or symptoms. When prostate cancer does begin to show signs, it’s likely already at an advanced stage. Here are the top 5 signs to be on the lookout for:
Blood in Urine
Pain During Urination
Frequent Urination or Loss of Bladder Control
Discomfort when Sitting
Unexplained Pain or Fatigue
It’s important to keep in mind that these symptoms don’t automatically point to a case of prostate cancer. There are other benign diseases and ailments that can contribute to these signs and symptoms. That being said, if you fall under any of the risk factors for prostate cancer or have a family history, if you are experiencing any of these symptoms you should book an appointment with your doctor at the first signs of pain or discomfort. You should also discuss your prostate cancer screening options with your doctor.